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The realist perspective of democracy dictates that a country ought to follow its own aspects of national interest and security, rather than ideology, social reconstructions and moral concerns. In the case of democracy in Cuba this is clearly illustrated.
The following write up is a discussion of a realists perspective which support democracy in Cuba, .and how principles among the Cubans that support democracy can benefit the world at large.
In international spheres, Cuba is viewed as a totalitarian republic with no democracy. The ruling class of Cuba makes almost all the decision for its population. They give the masses very limited say to matters affecting their lives. This is contrary to what the county’s constitution stipulates. The constitution Cleary defines Cuba as a sovereign and independent socialist state of workers. However, scrutiny of the condition and the system followed in the country proves the statement wrong. What the constitution state is not what is practiced. The constitution defines a very different state for what Cuba is.
Raul Castro, since he was elected president, has been making significant reforms, like improving Cuba-US ties and easing the restrictions of opposition parties. Clearly, Cuba is focusing on the ultimate shift to democracy from communist dictatorship.
In contrast, democracy is the form of government where the entire stakeholders have a say. The citizens are involved in making of important decisions that affect their lives. The leaders have the sole power to do what they please. This form of government acknowledges the rights of all, may they be poor, rich, in positions of leadership or contemporary citizens. It gives all the patties powers to act within their jurisdiction. It is the kind of governance that the whole world population desires for.
Cuba is one of the very few one party nations in the world today. The politics of this country is controlled by the ruling communist party. Although elections are allowed in Cuba, they are regulated by the party. Those who are to be elected are selected and listed down by this party. The party releases list of those selected to the public but does not allow them to carry out campaigns. In most cases, each seat has a single nominee. This gives the citizens no choice but to endorse the chosen one to the elective position. The elections thus lack any meaning though the government claims there is democracy for the citizens have gotten the right to participate in voting for their representatives. The reason behind this practice is the claim that the government is protecting their communism culture from interference by the most popular capitalism and, dependency on US.
Cubans are denied the freedom of expression. As such, they are not permitted to air their views about the leadership of the country or other topics concerning the federal government of Cuba. The media lack enough power. What the media can report to the public gets limited and defined by the government. This denies the Cubans their right to access of information. They learn what the government wants, which is usually in the best interest of the government. This form of governance ensures that all the parties have their fundamental rights. For this reason, it is the accepted form of government globally. Some countries, however, do not uphold it. For instance, Cuba claims to be a sovereign nation that gives its citizens their rights. However, a cross scrutiny to their form of leadership reveals the opposite.
The education system is controlled by the government. The system is based on cultural and science and technology achievements. The system also awards those who support patriotism and communistic culture. The principle of the education system is to develop a patriotic population that is fed with socialistic values.
From the moment that Raul Castro took control of the communist party and Cuba at large, there has been slow but steady reforms aimed at improving the lives and the standards of living of the average Cubans. Despite its having major partnerships with VENEZUELA, Bolivia and China, Cuba would still benefit significantly from access to EU and US markets. Such a shift seems to be a welcome to capitalist and democratic reforms. Despite having a lot to do to achieve democracy, such reforms positively point to reforms to be achieved in the near future. From what has been witnessed recently in the Middle East, a population, which is highly disenfranchised and organized, can lead to remarkable political reforms within a short duration, as long as it has the backing of the army.
Generally, the lives of the Cubans are dominated by a system of exclusive social control. The lives of the people are monitored. They are threatened by the police, and access to basic necessities is governed by organizations established by the government. Political opposition is forbidden in this country. Any citizen who acts contrary to the government or attempts to show any resistance to the government is considered a national threat. Such people face detention and other forms of punishment. The form of governance in Cuba is viewed by its government as a democratic one. It back dates to the eighteenth century when the country achieved freedom from the colonial rule. After acquiring freedom, the country developed this form of government and adopted it. To date they still believe the form is a democratic one. This leads to varied definitions of democracy. Most scholars and analyst end up to the same conclusion that democracy is the rule by the majority, the opposite of practice in Cuba.
Political stability in any one country affects the global economy. For instance, the current global raise in fuel prices is a result of the unrest in a few Arab countries. This is because no nation is a standalone country. This realization has seen different international bodies and foreign governments taking measures that seek to promote democracy and political stability in Cuba.
International nongovernmental organizations INGOs do not invest in the country. The communism way of life that is making the culture of the country is unfavorable to business. Cuba is thus set aside from international trade. This seclusion from the international trade affects the country negatively. This is evident from the poor living standards of the majority of Cuba population.
The international community is moving in to empower the people of Cuba. They are availing means of communication that are free from interference of the socialistic government of Cuba. In the past, Internet facilities have been greatly established. To present information to the population, the Internet works extremely fast. The interaction of the people of Cuba with the international community will give them a different view to life from their present one. This empowerment is probable to trigger revolutions in Cuba.
The people of Cuba have already started demonstrating against their oppressive government there was a match in Havana by Las Dames de Blanco, relatives and friend of the political prisoners. Such a demonstration was unheard off in Cuba in the past. This signals a change in the way of life of Cubans. Like other people in authoritarian nations, they might soon take to the streets to change the form of convergent in their country.
The government of the United States formed U.S. Cuba Political Action Committee (PAC) to address this issue (Fetini,2009). The role of PAC is to address the challenge of lack of democracy in Cuba and make necessary recommendations. In an effort to bring democracy to Cuba, the US has imposed several sanctions on the country. These sanctions are targeted to telling the country that it cannot be a standalone economy. This has seen the country development rapidly go down.
The efforts of the US to bring democracy in Cuba have failed. These efforts have seen the US lose their interests in the country. Cuba also got a good excuse to its deteriorating economy; it blames it all on the interference from US. However, this ions not really the case, it is the policies of the Cuba administration that have brought these economic back slides. The European Union (EU) views Cuba as a country behind the prese3nt time. To EU, Cuba is living the age they lived in the 16 and 17 centuries. They have sent a delegate of tourists to the country to try promoting democracy in the country. These delegates will work from within the country in order to bring the changes. However, Cuba would like the world and its citizens to believe that the delegates are there to colonies them a second round. Cuba presents these delegates as threats to its stability. And, indeed they are a threat to the oppressive rule in the country.
Efforts to change the policies of Cuba have not been successive. There is a need for the global community to address the said challenge using a different method. In the past, the international community was seen as forcing Cuba into Democracy. Cuba remains UN moved. Using a measure that is mint to challenge the country may be helpful. For example, investing in the country. This will empower the Cubans economically and will also earn the government revenues. The government might then realest what it has been lacking.
Imploring the people of Cuba could also help to bring change. A population that is informed and is economically stable is more ready to stand for their rights than that does not know their rights or have the means to fight for the same.
If the measure to promote democracy in Cuba succeeded, their relationship with the international community will take a new look. It will be completely different from the current one. The international nongovernmental organizations and multinational corporations, which have for long shied away from investing in Cuba, will now have incentives to establish themselves in Cuba. This will boost and improve the country's economy and provide employment opportunities for Cubans.
Cuba will end the grudges it bare toward the EU who colonized them. This will foster good diplomatic relations. This will see different government corporate in matters of development. The US will have no reason to impose sanctions on Cuba. Rather it will try investing in the country and they will both benefit.
Any country political stability has contributes to the global stability. There is a need for political stability in all countries to achieve a stable, global economy. As a result of easy ways of accessing information, the public is highly empowered, and the only to have a stable political system is by advocating for democracy. In Cuba, this could be achieved by taking appropriate measures. If the country changes its political system, then it will earn a good international relationship with different countries. This will positively affect the country’s economy as well as the global stability.
With the spread of democracy and the fall of the Soviet Union, the Cubans have found themselves rising isolation by the global arena. This “Special Period” in Cuba saw a major food crisis that got ultimately avoided when the country embraced US medical and food aid in 1993.