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    Wundt, Tichner, Wethermier, and James were great psychologists who greatly influenced the history of this field. They contributed differently to the development of psychology. These differences are in terms of their personal beliefs, theories, and the methodologies they incorporated in their works. However, some similarities depict in their works in some ways.

            James, an American psychologist and philosopher postulated the pragmatic theory of truth. In this theory, James believes that we construct truth as we continue living in the world. Therefore, truth is not absolute. He also asserts that beliefs are only true if they are useful in the life of a person, and this is the only way to identify truth.

Wertheimer deals with the analysis of psychological phenomenon, as structural wholes rather than components comprising the complete object. His imagination and thought triggered while on a train, and this reveals his departure from what scientist advocate for, which is proper planning and systematic work.

Wundt’s methodology was very different from others, and he contributed to psychology through founding the first psychological lab. Wundt is the founder of structural paradigm. Wundt believed that complex mental experience is composed of a combination of the basics mental experience. Therefore, what people think is as a result of the basics mental experiences they encounter in their daily lives. Wundt utilized introspection as the methodology in his studies.

Tichner a student of Wundt believes that the goal of psychology is to study the mind and consciousness. He asserts that consciousness is the product of the mind’s experience of an individual. The mind is composed of components, which react differently to give results of individual experience of mind and consciousness. Tichner used introspection analysis. However, his method of reporting the results were very complex compared to Wundt’s. Therefore, Tichner’s contribution is an improvement of the Wundt work.


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