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There are antipsychotic medications used for treatment of Schizophrenia. Here are some of the common antipsychotic medications: Chlorpromazine (Thorazine), Fluphenazine (Prolixin), Perphenazine (Etrafon) and Haloperidol (Haldol). The aforementioned are the older types (convectional) that have been in existence since mid 1950s, however there are new medications (atypical/second generation) that were developed in the 1990s. Clozapine is one of them and is very efficient in treating, hallucinations, breaks with reality and psychotic symptoms. The antipsychotics are normally in form of pills or liquid with others as shots normally administered once or twice every month (WHO, 1992).
According to Masi et al (2006), psychosocial treatments to a large extend help to manage those who have already stabilized after using antipsychotic treatment. It greatly assists the patients to handle daily challenges of the disorder like: work, relating with others, problems in communication and self-care. These problems are solved through making use of coping mechanisms and learning which helps the patients to carry out activities like going to work, school and socializing. This treatment increases the likelihood of sticking to medication and reduces relapses and being hospitalized. This process is done by a therapist aiding the patient to understand schizophrenia in a better manner and make adapt to living with the condition. Education on the illness is provided and the patient taught about important signs and symptoms and the need to stay on medication.
Rehabilitation is also another way of ensuring that schizophrenia patients function and fit well in the community. This is done by emphasis on vocational and social training. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is also aims at helping the patient whose symptoms don’t subside even while on medication (Pike et al, 2003). It is a type of psychotherapy that concentrates on behavior and thinking of the patient. Family education is also very important to ensure that family members fully understand the situation and how to solve some problems and cope with them. Lastly, self-help groups are also important. Families and individuals with Schizophrenia form groups aimed at comforting and supporting each other. Through experiencing a similar condition, they understand each other better and avoid isolation of those with the illness.