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It is not precise when the feminist therapy was developed but it is attributed to the 1960s women’s movement. From this movement, women started to share their views and with time, a sisterhood group developed so as to take care of those women who were thrown out by their husbands, cared for those who were raped as well as giving hope to those whose reproductive systems were failed (Corey, 2009, p.342). By 1970s, feminist therapy had become popular and several women organizations such as the Association for Women in Psychology and American Psychological Association became very supportive both materially and physically in boosting the feminist therapy (Corey, 2009, p.343). In 1980 feminist therapy was made an individual entity and the most practiced form of therapy was one person therapy. The organization became more focused on all the issues pertaining to women and girls including gender-role oppression (Corey, 2009, p.343). Since then, Corey (2009) asserts that the feminist therapy has been devoted into ensuring that its goals are the first priority. Some of the goals include; empowering women, declaring diversity as well as ensuring that individuals know their rights in the society. The organization also helps women to identify and overcome bigotry and any other kind of male chauvinism. This way, many people were freed of the restriction of gender role and other social cruelties (Corey, 2009, p.349).
According to Corey (2009), the feminist therapists have been of great importance to the society since the establishment of the organization. Depending on the situation at hand, feminist therapists evaluate their cases based on the idea that they are always fair on gender, they are flexible on multicultural issues, being able to interact with as many people as possible and to encourage long life (Corey, 2009, p.350). Some of the roles that the feminist therapist plays include; counseling, case handling and psychotherapy. They also monitor the cultural and social extents experienced by the women. They are always there for their clients, both physically and emotionally whenever needed. In addition, they delight in empowering women, creating self-understanding and freeing them from oppressive traditions.
Family therapy on the other hand began in the 1940s in North America when a movement was established. However the movement was consistent until in the 1950s when a systematic therapy was introduced. The approach became revolutionary starting with psychodynamic behavioral and finally to the humanistic approach (Corey, 2009, p.411). The establishment of the family therapy was due to the reason that individuals were born and lived with families and it was from these families that one would realize who s/he is, thus development and change were very essential. Since it is from the family that a person learns how to interact with others in the society, it is presumed that individuals’ emotions have their roots from this very family. Thus from this assumption, any dysfunctional symptoms that are manifested by an individual are associated with the family (Corey, 2009, p.412).
The family systems therapy is based on five distinct lenses; the organization lens which examines the family leadership and respect towards the individuals in the family i.e. the relationship between parents and children. The second lens is the development lens and it deals with the development; physically, mentally and socially, of the individuals. Multicultural lens on the other hand involves the social and family backgrounds of the individuals as well as their current places of living. Next is the gender lens which examines the relationships between gender and roles as well as the expectations of the society. Last is the process lens whereby the individuals are examined on their ability to interact with others, their experiences on reproductive lives, the position and ability of the family to adapt to changes and how ease they can access resources (Corey, 2009, p.431). It is through these lenses that the therapists are able to accomplish their roles. Some of the key roles that family therapists play include; helping individuals to understand their families well, to appreciate their cultures, as well as preparing individuals for future situations. It is the role of the therapists also to ensure that there is unity among the family members through counseling couples, children, and parents (Corey, 2009, p.434).