|← Wundt, Tichner, Wethermier and James||Psychosocial Rehabilitation →|
Special needs in children can be defined as disabilities that a child might be having leading to poor development in both physical and mental growth. Some disabilities can make social activities extremely challenging, and even difficult to feel accepted by their peers. Self-esteem is crucial for children with disabilities so that they can feel secure to try new things and meet new people. Many children with special needs are reluctant to participate in activities that they will benefit from because they are too embarrassed or insecure with their disabilities. Based on the grounds that many special needs children are unwilling to play a part in social activities this declines their chance to develop skills to be successful. This takes opportunities away to improve socially as a result, stunting the child’s social growth and development. However, many children with special needs can benefit from social activities.
Pervasive developmental disorder is a disorder that impedes in the development of numerous basic functions as well as socialization and communication. Many social disorders can make it more difficult for children to conform at gatherings or around their peers due to their lack of socialization skills. Even though, these disorders make it difficult for the children to feel normal and fit in with their peers, there are many ways to maintain these disorders. One way is behavioral therapy another is to take medications to help deal with anxiety that may be caused by the disorder.
In behavioral therapy, the child is taught how to socialize with the other kids. This is where a qualified person like a counselor helps the child in learning the necessary behaviors to improve the social skills of the child. In the process, the child is also able to gain self esteem and communication skills. As a result, it improves the child social skills creating the ability of talking and playing with the other children. This way, the child can communicate and socialize with his or her peers as well as play together without any problems.
Asperger’s syndrome is a social disorder that deals with significant difficulties in social interaction and repetitive patterns of behavior. Children with this social disorder find it difficult to conform and fit in with their peers. They find security in repetitive activities and do not adjust well to change. Many children with Asperger’s syndrome also have speech impediments due to antisocial behavior. They have a particularly poor vocabulary and have a hard time expressing themselves with words. Many children with Asperger’s syndrome are nonverbal, and many need speech therapy to help them learn to communicate. There are social activities where children with Asperger's can benefit.
Children with special needs such as Asperger’s syndrome can benefit from social activities, and learn to grow socially. A number of activities include martial arts and horseback riding. Martial arts classes can act as a therapy because it is a highly social activity that improves self-esteem, self-control, self-confidence, discipline, coordination and improve social skills. Additionally, it is through the activity of martial art the child is able to learn as they are socializing with other children of the same peer group.
Horse back riding is another way to improve the social activities of children with Asperger's. For instance, when the child is constantly taken to horse back riding lessons he or she will gain the skills of communication, courage and feelings. The child might develop the skill of communication because he or she will be communicating with the horse. This will eventually be transpired to communication with the other children. As a result, the child will benefit from the activity since he or she will be able to socialize with his or her peers.
Another activity that might be helpful for children with Asperger's is the use of routine. This is where the children have to learn by following the same routine every time. In this routine, the child needs to be constantly reminded about the social skills. This is because children with Asperger's have the ability to acquire the skill of socializing easily by following a specified routine. Additionally, the use of routine will help children with Aspergers' to learn more quickly. Therefore, continual use of routine programs as a social activity is a benefit to children with special needs since they will be able to learn quickly as well socialize with other children.
Down syndrome is a disorder that occurs when a child is born with an extra chromosome than normal. In this disorder, the child will have a problem in body development. This means that children who have Down syndrome have a problem in developing certain skills like communication skills. It is because of this reason; a child might not be able to socialize with his or her peers. However, there are several social activities that can benefit the children in improving their social skills, but the type of activity to be administered to the different patients depend on the extent in which the disorder has affected the patient.
One of the activities that can help improve the children social skills is art therapy. Children with this disorder are not able to communicate with their peers. They are often shy or afraid leading to them keeping their feelings to themselves. On the other hand, art therapy is when children are given the opportunity to express their feelings through art. This reduces their shyness or fear that affects children with this disorder. In the process, the children are able to gain self-esteem, courage and improve their communication skills. This leads in helping children in attaining the different social skills thus they are able to socialize with their peers.
Behavioral therapy is another activity that could be used to benefit the child in improving their social skills. It should be noted that the parents of the children have also to be taught how they are to behave in order to help their children. In this situation, the children will be able to learn what is expected of him or her, and he or she will be able to communicate easily. This therapy helps the children in learning how to depend on themselves as they grow up. Additionally, it helps the children in gaining the confidence and motivation. Therefore, the child can gain the social skills which benefit him or her in socializing with his or her peers.
Inclusion is another way that is used by the teachers and the different professionals in teaching children with Down syndrome. Inclusion is the process where the children with special needs are taught together with the other regular children. It may be full time or partial. This helps the child to be independent in whatever he or she is learning. Additionally, it boosts communication skills and confidence of the child. Inclusion can be said to be a benefit for children with special needs because they are able to socialize with other regular children of their peers.
Anxiety disorder can be defined as a generalized term for various disorders that involve fear and panic. An outstanding example is the post traumatic stress disorder. This affects the child after experiencing a horrific accident or incident. In this case, the child will be at constant fear due to the event that he or she is experiencing. On the other hand, the child might tend to panic all the time he or she is in such a situation which is same as the one he or she had experienced before. Therefore, the children who are affected by these disorders need activities that tend to relax the mind at all times.
Another anxiety disorder is the social anxiety disorder. In this disorder, the child is afraid of the public and his or her peers. This is because he or she fears being humiliated or embarrassed. It is because of this, the child distances him or herself from social interaction with the other children. This can be problematic because as socializing is one of the crucial aspect that is needed by human beings in order to be able to survive. For this to happen, various activities must be administered to help improve the child's skill of socialization.
Agro phobia is another type of anxiety disorder where by the child tends to fear or panic all the time in search for places to escape. The most common symptom in this disorder is avoidance. The child tends to avoid everything that he or she thinks is dangerous. For instance, a child may avoid playing with the other children because he or she thinks it is dangerous. Therefore, in order not to get hurt or to reduce the chances of endangering himself or herself the child decides to avoid the different activities. This leads to the child secluding himself or herself from the other children thus deteriorating the socialization skills.
One of the activities that can be used to treat these anxieties is yoga. This helps the children to relax their mind, and at the same time, it strengthens their muscles. Additionally, yoga does not only serve as a form of strength and relaxation it also helps in the improvement of the social skills of the children. Moreover, yoga helps the children to get in touch with their bodies as they relax. This leads to the reduction of fears and panic that the child might be experiencing. For instance, the children who are affected by the anxiety disorders are able to relax their minds and communicate well with others at ease. This leads to the improvement of the communication skills which leads to improvement in their social skills.
Another activity that can be used to benefit the children in improving their social skills is the cognitive-behavioral therapy. In this form of treatment, the child is not the cognitive part and the behavioral part. The cognitive part is when the child is made aware of the disorder and how the other children feel about him or her. In this case, the child is made aware of the consequences of his or her disorders and the repercussions of the disorder. On the other hand, the child is taught how to behave in order to cope with this disorder. These two practices happen concurrently with each other. They improve awareness in the child and if done as soon as the disorder is identified they help in healing the child. As a result, it improves children socializing skills with one another.
Learning disabilities is a disorder where the brain fails to develop properly. Additionally, the disorder affects the ability of the child to receive, process, and store information. In this case, whatever the children are taught, they are not able to learn quickly. This type of disorder can be either permanent or partial. It should be noted that it is not the child's problem that he or she is not able to learn quickly but it is because of their brain defect. In addition, this disorder is prone to bullying activities from the other children. Therefore, the activities to be used need to be more helpful rather than destructive.
Direct assistant is one of the programs that should be used in teaching children with a learning disability. This is where the child receives instant help from the teacher or the person who is teaching the child once a problem arises. There is a constant reminder for the child to help in receiving, processing and storing of information. In the process, the child is can socialize with the other children because he or she can be able to learn quickly as them. Therefore, the program can be said to improve confidence which in the end benefits the child with socialization skills.
Inclusion is another activity that children with a learning disability are taught using. This is because children with a learning disability often tend to feel left out or demotivated if they are secluded from the other children. As a result, the child might not respond well to treatment leading to other worse situations. However, if the program of inclusion is used the children are able to learn quickly through interaction with the other children. This leads to improvement in communication skills, confidence and in the sharpening of their brain. The inclusion activity benefits children with a learning disability remarkably by improving their social skills.
Group work activities are also activities which help children with learning abilities to learn quickly. For instance, role playing in acts helps the child in the art of mastery quickly. Additionally, the involvement of a child with group activities helps in the improvement of language skills of the child as well as the communication skills. As a result of this, the child can socialize effectively with his or her peers without fear of being victimized. Therefore, this activity can be said to benefit the child by improving his or her self esteem leading to socialization. It is worth noting, children with learning disability need to learn in environments where there is less distraction so as to have maximum concentration.
It is not the child fault that he or she is born with a disability or he or she gets the disorders therefore, good care for the child should be taken immediately the disorder is recognized. Additionally, there are activities that are used by the parties involved in the treatment process of the disorders that help the children to cope. It should be noted that each disorder has its own activity, and each activity has its own benefit to the child. Lastly, all these activities are a benefit to the child's social skills through various processes like an improvement of speech, and self esteem. It is because of these activities, children with disorders are able to interact with other normal children with less difficulty and comfortably.