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Procrastination is the act of putting of things that individuals ought to have by a certain time. This entails the process of deferring or avoiding, without any appropriate reason, of a scheduled or intended task till a later date or time. Psychologists define procrastination as a way of postponing the high-valued tasks and handling the low-priority tasks, and hence postponing most important responsibilities for a future time. Some of the psychologists claim that procrastination is caused by anxiety whereas others assert that it is a result of impulsiveness. That is, people procrastinate when due to anxiety when they are impulsive. However, no all procrastination is negative to individuals.
Procrastination can be better understood by looking at its types. The relaxed procrastinators are one of the types, and they are individuals who negatively view their responsibilities, and shun them by addressing other low-priority tasks. For instance, students who ignore their school work at the expense of their friends are typical relaxed procrastinators. In this type of procrastination, individuals do not require any help as they take it as a sort of cover-up or denial. In addition, relaxed procrastinators are unable to postpone gratification, and thus, they defer challenging activities at the expense of the enjoyable ones.
Tense-afraid procrastinators form another type of procrastination that entails negative feelings, such as, being under pressure, uncertainty of objectives, and being impractical with time. Such procrastinators feel that they are unable to complete a certain task successfully, and therefore, they prefer relaxing till a later time. However, the idea of relaxing is often disastrous and ineffective as they often ran out of time. Consequently, the tense-afraid procrastinators tend to withdraw from the cycle of friends as they appear as failures. Also, this situation affects their personal lives as they feel awkward before focused, successful and goal-oriented individuals.
Reasons for procrastination
There are a variety of factors that impact on individuals’ desire to procrastinate their tasks. Psychologists assert that procrastination can be either psychological or physiological. Psychological factors include low self-esteem, anxiety, and self-defeating attitude. On the other hand, physiological factors are related to the function of the prefrontal cortex. Another group of psychologists has given certain reasons for procrastination among the individuals. One of the reasons is the need to avert a task. This situation is applicable in the academic procrastination in which individuals avoid any form of unpleasant tasks. Therefore, such people are only inclined to activities that are of interests to them.
Procrastination also takes place due to the fear of failure among individuals. It is without doubt that everyone hates failure, and therefore, people always avoid it at all costs. On the other hand, there is a group of people who welcome challenges because they are ready to accept any form of outcome. Moreover, when people are doubtful of their abilities, they tend to shy away from handling some tasks. Therefore, they resolve to do less-challenging responsibilities that are not very urgent instead of the most important ones. Despite the unpleasant consequences of procrastination, this way, individuals manage to avoid failure.
Additionally, procrastination is likely to happen because of mood-related issues. When individuals are in any form of depression, they tend to lose interest in certain tasks especially those that are challenging. In attempt to avoid these challenging tasks, they opt defer them to a later date, with claims that they are not in the mood to handle them at the moment. Although these factors are normal in human life, they become disastrous if they cause people abandon important life issues.
People also defer very critical issues because of rebellion. This is because they have a tendency of responding to circumstances that require them to undertake activities that they feel are unnecessary, unfair, or inconveniencing. Rebellion can be localized or occasional, or already formed in the systems as a general way of responding to various tasks allocated to them. Psychologists argue that individuals, especially students, procrastinate as a form of rebelling against their parents’ or teachers’ commands. Explicitly, over-controlled individuals become rebellious; hence, they get often engage in procrastination as a way of avoiding errands.
Distraction and impulsiveness are also responsible for procrastination among individuals. Psychologists claim that impulsive people are more likely to postpone tasks than other people. This is because impulsive people are greatly attracted to present things rather than those in the future. Subsequently, they tend to attend to the issues at hand because of their immediate gratification or concerns. In an academic arena, students get attracted to issues that offer them immediate gratification, and postpone those tasks that have long term benefits, even if they are more urgent than the former. Therefore, they greatly get distracted when there is a very attractive issue before them.
Environmental factors are also instrumental in causing procrastination among individuals. Sometimes, there is a lot of work to be handled by individuals so that they unable to make decisions on what to give priority. As a result, they resolve to postpone some issues to a future date because of shortage of time. Furthermore, students can be surrounded by a lot of information to read up to an extent of selecting specific works to handle. In such a situation, students tend to defer the search for extra information because they already have other reading materials.
Some people also procrastinate because of the ability to work under pressure. There is a section of people who cannot concentrate on a given task till they are approaching deadline. This is because they believe that they work best under any amount of pressure. Such individuals, explicitly, enjoy working under pressure because they want to feel adrenalin’s buzz as they work. Given that they are interested in their work, they are highly productive. Nonetheless, when this gets addictive, it results in negative effects due to its ineffectiveness.
Benefit from procrastination
In as much as procrastination is destructive, it has some benefits in the human life. To begin with, postponing an activity facilitates incubation that involves the formation of more productive ideas than the ones that were postponed. This is highly notable because the human intuition requires adequate time to incubate over some issues before they are addressed. At times, sleeping over certain issues is very beneficial as it allows for an opportunity to reconsider them or generate more valuable ones. Therefore, it is advisable that individuals learn to procrastinate, especially over difficult tasks, in order to get better and lasting solutions to them.
The ability to accumulate energy is another benefit acquired from procrastination. This often happens whenever there are difficult tasks to be handled by individuals. Postponing them is advantageous as it makes one develop a lot of energy and psychological preparedness to handle the tasks at hand. Moreover, for a whole of individuals that like working under pressure, procrastination enables it wait for adequate energy in order to tackle any amount of work in time. Other individuals claim that they can handle challenging issues excellently when they work under pressure. This is because of all the energy gathered purposely for the activities.
Furthermore, procrastination allows individuals adequate time to build up sufficient courage to handle their tasks. At times, there are certain responsibilities that scare people away because of inadequate courage. To remedy these, individuals tend to postpone the activities as a way of gathering courage themselves for the tasks. Consequently, they are able to handle the responsibilities more successfully than they would have without procrastination. On contrast, forcing people to work faster than they had prepared can result in poor results. It is, therefore, without doubt that procrastination is highly instrumental in the production of excellent results.
Problem given by procrastination
In spite of its benefits, procrastination is capable of posting serious problems to human life. First, procrastination is responsible for causing disorganization among individuals. This is because it makes people very forgetful because they keep postponing work. Moreover, the disorganization happens due to distractibility because individuals are forced to defer key activities because they are distracted by other tasks. Disorganization also occurs when an individual is unable to distinguish between priority and urgency. Besides, lumping is another form of procrastination-related disorganization that makes individuals view activities as inseparable, and thus cannot be handle separately. Therefore, procrastination is problematic as it causes a lot of disorganization among human beings.
Fear is another problem that is motivated by procrastination. A good number of individuals who fear encountering tough tasks in life tend to postpone them till their expiration so that they avoid dealing with them. However, such individuals forget that fear of a task leads to accumulation of work that later creates great challenges. Therefore, as the amount of work increases, procrastinators tend to resign to fate, become inactive and get depressed. Without doubt, procrastination cultivates fear in individuals and, in turn, they become less productive.
Moreover, procrastination is disadvantageous because it motivates perfectionism among individuals. Perfectionism involves the act of refraining from addressing a certain issue because of fear failing to handle it perfectly. It also entails individuals’ desire to things because they feel that other people are unable to handle certain responsibilities appropriately. All the perfectionists have a tendency of procrastinating because they want them done perfectly. Nevertheless, perfectionism leads to poor results caused by consistent delays. In such a situation, it is advisable that individuals attend to tasks immediately so that they are able to achieve the desired results.
Additionally, procrastination is an indicator of psychological and physiological problems among individuals that can respond to medical treatment. Surprisingly, the procrastinators themselves are incapable of noticing the problems, but the people close to them can see them. Also, there are certain health conditions that trigger procrastination among individuals. Among these conditions include obsessive compulsive disorder, severe clinical depression, illnesses, and attention deficit disorder. Therefore, procrastination is disadvantageous in that it indicates psychological and physiological problems that affect human beings.
Impact of procrastination on our lives
Procrastination has a number of detrimental effects on the human life. One of these effects is the possibility of failing to achieve personal dreams. This is because of great ideas come spontaneously, and therefore they need to be acted upon immediately. Given that procrastination entails the deferment of important activities in place of low-priority ones, ideas that could translate into realization of dreams can be ignored. Procrastination also kills individuals’ ambitions; hence leading them total failure in life. With the understanding of this effect, it is advisable to avoid procrastination so as to achieve lifetime dreams.
Loss of a job is another detrimental impact that procrastination can have on individuals. Despite its benefit of producing effective results and greater ideas, procrastination can cost an individual’s job if it is overdone. Many employers do not like the idea of procrastination and can terminate ones job once upon realizing. This is because it causes delays and losses in an organization that requires immediate results of any activity. This can also cause major challenges on bother the employer and the employee. In order to keep any business running, it is vital that employees avoid the deferment of important tasks in their organizations.
Explicitly, procrastination negatively affects human life by imposing great desperate scrambling and great stress at the last minute. Even though some individuals claim that they work best under pressure, not all people can manage the situation. This is because there is a lot of pressure and scrambling when people are attempting to meet deadlines. A lot of stress can subsequently facilitate the development of serious health problems among individuals. Therefore, it is critical that people strive to remain healthy and avoid stress by completing their assignments in time without procrastinating.
Dealing with procrastination
Learning to break tasks into smaller pieces is one of the effective strategies of dealing with procrastination. No matter how big a task or issue is, it can be sub-divided small manageable activities that can, in turn, be finished in time. This way, individuals can handle any issue more easily and faster than handling a chunk of work. Not only will be completed in time, but it will also be done effectively. Without doubt, it is easier to tackle separate tasks than one big task as it will lead to better results for individuals and their business.
The knowledge of utilizing the power of immediacy is another quickest way of dealing with procrastination. Immediacy is very influential in propelling individuals closer to their goals and objectives in life. Individuals who handle small matters immediately are capable of breaking away from procrastination as they acquire fast skills of completing work in time. Notably, the effort of taking the initial step in doing something facilitates the creation of a momentum that automatically stimulates individuals into taking the next steps. Therefore, it is vital that people learn to handle issue immediately they come in order to achieve success.
Getting clear on what individuals want is another significant way of handling procrastination. This is because it helps distinguishing between distractors and priorities. Clarity of priorities is highly essential in that it gives individuals direction towards the achievement of the set goals and objectives. Because procrastination makes one feel out of control, it is important that people avoid it at all costs. The knowledge of their priorities is not for individuals to overcome procrastination. In addition, they should strive to develop very convincing and appropriate reasons why they want them. As a result, these will create a lot of motivation and purpose that are very vital in keeping them focused.
Is the procrastination curable?
Fortunately, procrastination is a curable condition. This is because psychologists have suggested a number of ways of curing it. One of the curative measures of procrastination is creation of deadlines that must be met. This will enable individuals work towards completing assignments in the required time. Moreover, engaging in a lot exercise is an effective way of remaining active in order to complete tasks at the right time. Creation of a distraction free environment is another cure of procrastination. This can be achieved by moving to another place or eradicating the distractors at the usual place. Organizing your priorities and handling quick tasks first are other ways of curing procrastination.
In conclusion, procrastination entails postponement of important tasks at the expense of low-priority activities. Some of the causes of procrastination are fear of failure, low self-esteem, depression, mood-related issues, and lack of self-confidence. Procrastination is beneficial in that promotes incubation of better ideas, gathering of energy, and adequate courage. Nevertheless, procrastination is problematic because it has psychological and physiological problems, fear, disorganization, and perfectionism among individuals. Its impacts on human lives include loss of job, stress and failure to realize one’s dreams. However, procrastination is curable in that it can be overcome by setting priorities right, breaking tasks into smaller ones, setting realistic deadlines, and handling quick tasks before others.