|← Literature||American Literature →|
The first present, cooperative learn of American literature was the Cambridge History of American Literature (1917–1921), which corpse legible to this day. One might well discover the beginnings of the multicultural tactic presently locked within the academy to this impressive work to embrace many voices, American and Canadian, and to challenge to elude what the editors called ‘‘the temptation of public pride.’’ There was a period on Native American letters and other chapters on American literary work written in languages other than English, such as Yiddish (Debo, 1989). The Continental origins of American movements such as transcendentalism were traced with considerable energy and vision to European sources. This worked was comprehensive and remarkably sober and in many ways provided a prototype of sorts for this enterprise, while we have stepped away from an exact historical attitude in presenting this fabric in a non-chronological frame, allowing the alphabet, with its arbitrary sequencing, to govern the profile of the entire.
More current attempts to assemble comprehensive histories of American literature embrace Emory Elliott’s admirable one-level Columbia History of American Literature (1988) and Sacvan Bercovitch’s Cambridge History of American Literature (1994) (Krstovic, 1994). These volumes, written by many hands, reflected intense attempts to encompass the pluralist life of American marks, exploring literary texts as a reflection of the tensions and disruptions that are part of any living mores, but especially one as obsession and heterogeneous as that which has arisen within the geographical and spiritual boundaries of the United States. Both Elliott and Bercovitch tended to bring cheeky and stress the immense cultural diversity of American literature, bountiful power to multicultural and feminist texts in particular. If anything, we have completely define cue from these first-price studies, although our aim is more straight alert on the universal bookworm than were these ‘‘histories,’’ which made no challenge to give the organized of important information and ‘‘coverage’’ a dreadful but nifty term that one will find in these pages (Saldívar, 1990).
A few well-known and ambitious surveys of American thought and literature were available during the interior decades of the twentieth century, ranging from Vernon Louis Parrington’s Main Currents in American Thought (1927) to Robert Spiller’s Literary History of the United States (1948). Each of these attempted to ‘‘place’’ American literature within the milieu of British and European society, screening how American authors had transmogrified their sources, made something new from something old, generous a native inflection to their symbols and therefore plateful to whittle American public identities. There was also a breezy think that American literature was a passive receptor of Old World energies but that American writers and writing had begun to influence European writing, as the widespread bearing of Emerson, Poe, and Cooper on European literature exemplifies.