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Europe’s emergence, as the dominant part of the world, is a phenomenon, which explains the events happening in the period of the 1500 AD to 1850 AD. At this time, the world was experiencing changes that substantially contribute to the modern civilization. Europe and the other parts of the world were experiencing rebellions and resistance to the system of the day. Where the rest of the conflicting world quashed the rebellions and assertion of the existing rulers, Europe’s leaders had to negotiate terms with the rebelling factions. The action taken by the rulers at this time in Europe saw a settlement that made it possible for the European community to embrace new approaches and changes in operation. These have made it possible for new ideas to have room to manifest as well as bear results.
In this period, a lot of scientific discoveries were in the process of completion. Europeans were able to embrace change and were open to a wide range of views. Flexibility on the part at endorsing new scientific discoveries made it possible for Europe to dominate the rest of the world. Most of the world at this time had monarchies whose main objective was to maintain the status quo. These monarchies had more interest in preserving the existing beliefs to facilitate control over the people. These monarchs did not consider that by repressing new observation points they were repressing development. The European community was under the influence of change in their general views as well as scientific approaches to industrial operations.
The emergence of new scientific discoveries at this period made it to be possible for the European community to advance considerably than the rest of the world. The significance of the scientific breakthroughs in this period brought about the change that was necessary to alleviate Europe’s industrial capacity (Gladstone, 2008). Notably were the discoveries and breakthroughs of scientific approaches that led to industrial revolutions. The invention of steam operated pumps was a significant breakthrough in Europe’s industrial development. These scientific breakthroughs made it to be possible to carry out experiments which saw the industrial world revolutionized. The observations of physics by Isaac newton and other notable scientists of this period laid the foundation of modern industrialization. Their contributions made Europe the dominating part of the world.
The zeal for Europeans to discover and conquer the rest of the world in this time gave them a significant competitive edge in comparison to the other civilizations (Gladstone, 2008). The Europeans conquests were mainly exploitation of the weaknesses of the indigenous societies. These indigenous societies were not necessarily primitive but due to their weaknesses were prone to exploitation by the Europeans. The brutal approaches and war advantages of smaller European groups had a greater effect on these civilized societies whose capacity for violence and brutality was minimal. The other parts of the world that the Europeans set explore and were primitive societies. Some of these societies were suffering from infestations of epidemic diseases. The Europeans were immune to these infections since they had the knowledge to treat such diseases and avoid contamination. The ability to avoid infections gave them an edge in their objectives. The primitive societies saw them as impervious to diseases and superior to ordinary men. This made it to be possible to conquer these societies and expand their territory. The Europeans were persistent in their efforts to reach the far sides of the world and never gave up.
The colonization of other parts of the world by the Europeans gave them considerable advantage over other trading nations. They had immense resources at their disposal from their various colonies. Most of these resources were for use in developing infrastructure in Europe as well as perfecting themselves in various applications. European dominance is a result of their scientific innovations and breakthroughs in the various scientific fields. Their determination and capacity to weather difficult situations outside their control has contributes to their expansive geopolitical territories. These factors have made Europe significantly dominant.
THE GROWING HUMAN IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
The environment is a significant aspect of life not only to humans but to other living organisms, as well. It is evident that humans have the greatest effect on the environment. Though these effects are predominantly negative, there are some notable positive effects as well.
As time goes by, man endeavors to develop and advance. The efforts necessary for achieving these goals have significant effects on the environment. As man develops himself the more, he impacts on the environment. It is essential to observe the human impacts on the environment as they have been manifesting over time. The advancements in technology and industrialization are critical in affecting the environment. Pollution is the main effect that the human factor has on the environment. Since the initial industrial revolution periods to the current time man continuously persists in practices that degrade the environment. As civilization grew so did pollution.
Industrialization has led to urbanization. The industrial sectors use fossil fuels which when they combust release numerous harmful gasses to the atmosphere. These industries need materials and fuel in order to function. Most of the industrial products are not biodegradable, therefore, when the waste materials are subject to disposal they cannot decompose. This impact on the environment negatively since they compromise the integrity of the earth’s layer. The waste materials from many industries drain into rivers, lakes and oceans. These affect the ecosystems of these rivers by killing the organisms in these ecosystems or maiming them in the long term.
The movement to urban areas by vast numbers of populations puts a strain on the environment. These migrations are often towards the industrial, urban areas where the demand for resources is significant (McNeill, 2001). Air pollution is prominent in these regions. The necessity of alternative sources of fuel is evident. The effects of pollution are long term especially the effects it has on the ozone layer. As the population keeps on growing so, does the need for food increase. This has led to the establishment of greenhouses whose emissions have adverse effects on the environment. Pollution has brought about issues of global warming and adverse changes in weather patterns.
Institutions all over the world have come to the realization of these effects. The establishment of policies to control pollution has been a priority with some institutions and governments across the world. Measures to control and rehabilitate existing pollutants are critical. The human factor is a destructive force not only to the environment but to itself. The misconception of short-term benefits with regard to environmental degradation masks severe consequences in the long term. It is essential that governments initiate measures, policies and legislation that will enable preservation and protection of the environment. There exist legislative and political decisions, which contribute adversely, to the environment. These decisions should be subject to scrutiny and revision.
There are some impacts on the environment by the human factor that cannot be reversible. The destructions of significant ecosystems lead to extinction of organisms. As a result of pollution, there are classifications of endangered species. The twentieth century has seen the greatest levels of pollution and its impacts in pollution. The effects of industrial emissions are significantly contributing to the corrective measures that are in place. Alternative energy sources are constantly an issue of research. Strict laws are under implementation and significant penalties to the industries dumping their waste into any ecosystem. Industries result to using recycling materials.
The necessity of protecting the environment is significant. The environment should be safe and healthy to inhabit at all times. Ecosystems need preserving and protecting because of the synergy that exists among them and humans.