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Psychodynamic theories are the works of Sigmund Freud who was a specialist in treating mental issues. Freud introduces the concept of the mind being divided into a number of parts. There are a number of theories that have been used to explain personality. The first personality theory to be known was the type theory of personality. This theory categorizes human behavior into four aspects referred to as temperaments. The four temperaments were associated with a number of body fluids which were also referred to as humors.
For example sanguine was referred to blood, melancholic character to black bile, phlegmatic character to phlegm while choleric character to yellow pile. In his work Hippocrates describe individual characteristics to the amount of these four components. These theories were greatly used in the olden times and a reflection of the same has been seen in Shakespeare’s literacy works. Temperament theory has further been used in a system that mainly deals with human personality. The psychologist who came after Hippocrates described human personality into three groups basing on body types namely ectomorph, endomorph and mesomorph (Sapp, 2010).
Another important theory is personality trait theory. Trait theories basically address personality as a group of traits and this is the work of Allport Gordon. Gordon extensively analyzed various ways in which a combination of traits brings forth normal personalities. In his final research he made a conclusion that every individual has about seven traits which are central and essential in influencing behavior. Later researchers worked on Gordon’s work by clustering those traits through analysis factor. For instance Eysenck explains that personality can successfully be described by the use of three factors which he considered very fundamental. These factors included emotionality or stability, psychoticism and introversion or extroversion (Kail and Cavanaugh, 2008).