|← Psychodynamic Theories||Personality Theories →|
Personality analysis falls under personality psychology which basically deals with individual differences and personality studies. Personality analysis simply deals with understanding a person’s main psychological process as well as investigation of some individual differences which might be present. Generally it deals with investigation of the nature of human beings. Personality is simply organized, dynamic characteristics of an individual which influences all his behaviors and actions. Each individual has unique behavioral and psychological characteristics and patterns that make him distinct from other people.
Individual personality is of great importance to psychological studies. Major psychological systems that are in use today evolved during the time of Freud Sigmund and are of great significance in explaining behavioral and mental process of humans. These systems were transformed into personality theories that are currently used to describe individual characteristics and behavior as well as individual differences. (Kail and Cavanaugh, 2008)
The current personality views have been greatly influenced by Sigmund Freud of the psychodynamic approach. Freud came up with a structure of three part personality which consisted of id a reflection of basic instincts gratification, ego which serves the purpose of mediation between societal constraints and the id and finally he talked about superego which creates an internalization of social and parental values.
The dynamic model is different from trait and type theories on the basis that it has a continuous conflict element which is lacking in the two other principles. Freud indentified the above conflicts as the primary sources of determining personality. He employed a psychoanalytic method which was important in helping patients solve their inner conflicts. This was possible through exploration of impeding conflicts, unconscious thoughts as well as motivations by employing other known techniques and free association. Another unique element in Freud theory is the emphasis on the usefulness of childhood experiences in development of personality. Other psychodynamic models were developed by the psychologists who came after Freud (Bourne and Ekstrand, 1985).