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British Petroleum Company

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BP Inc. is a worldwide company that deals in the production of fuel products, such as, oil and gas. The company’s headquarters is located in the United Kingdom, London. BP is the world’s third-largest company dealing in energy products, and the fourth-largest organization in the world rated in terms of revenues. Among its operations include refining, exploration, production, marketing, and distribution, power generation, trading, and petrochemicals. Just like any other international company, British Petroleum Company has its share of pros and cons. In terms of corporate social responsibility, the company has been involved in various safety and environment issues and faced criticisms for its political control. Nonetheless, the company, in 1997, the company was in the front line in campaigning for environmental conservation due to climate change. Here, the company expressed the need for the reduction of the greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, BP Company is conducting its businesses in an unethical and unsafe manner.

BP Oil Company among the global companies, which have at some point failed to observe the business safety guidelines put forth in the United States. One of the incidences in which the company has breached the guidelines is during the explosion in Texas. Because of its negligence, the company’s plant explosion cost fifteen lives and more 170 other people injured in the occurrence. As a result, investigations proved that the company had violated the federal environmental regulations and endangered the workers’ and the community’s lives. Moreover, the company received a heavy fine for the numerous safety violations by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Besides, the administration increased the fines when it realized that the company had not improved its safety measures even after the deadly incident.

The explosion incident at the BP Company in Texas demonstrated the company’s lack of commitment to its corporate social responsibility. According to the policies and guidelines on the safety of the citizens and workers, the company failed in its operations by ignoring these regulations. For instance, the plant operators had failed to control the level of heating, filling, pressurizing in the industry. As a result of overheating, overfilling of the raffinate splitter, and over-pressurization, the plant exploded and killed 15 fifteen and injured many others.

What is more, the company is ignorant of the safety standards because of the incompetent employees in the plant. This is demonstrated by how they acted upon smelling trouble in the plant. Upon realizing that there was no draw-down from the tower, they made a mistake of opening the discharge valve. Subsequently, the hot discharges passed through the heat-exchanger; hence heating the incoming liquids. Because of an increase in the temperatures, in the raffinate, the liquids were overheated; hence, an explosion. With these facts, it is explicit that the company operators in the plant were not well-trained on the emergency management .

Another depiction of the company’s violations of laws is the use of an inappropriate tank and flare system. Upon investigations, the authorities found out that the plant was installed with a raffinate that was a blowdown drum and an atmospheric outlet stack, instead of a more environmentally friendly and safer knock-out tank. The extent of danger was intensified by the nature of the flare system that the plant had. Therefore, these facts clearly depicts that the company had violated the safety standards and regulations as per the U. S. authorities.

Furthermore, the explosion effects became adverse as a result of the disabled alarm. Otherwise, the people who are said to have been holding a meeting next to the process unit’s battery bound would have vacated the place. This shows that the company management had no idea of the plant’s condition, but carried on with the normal activities in the industry. As a result, the people that were seated with their backs to the process-unit perished due to a blunt-force trauma, while those on the opposite sustained with serious injuries. Without doubt, the company violated the safety guidelines and deserved heavy charges.

Apart from the Texas explosion, there are other incidences that show the company’s violation of regulations and standards. One of these occurrences is the 2005 explosion that involved a rupturing of a heat exchanger pipe. The explosion resulted from the release of the hydrogen. Upon investigations, it was established that the explosion resulted from a contractor’s carelessness. This is because he had accidently turned on a carbon pipe elbow during maintenance; hence leading to a failure referred to as High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA). According to the Chemical Safety Board, the BP had failed to inform the maintenance contractor that the elbows in the plant were different. Moreover, the contractor had also carelessly proceeded with his duty without following the right procedure.

In addition, BP is accused of violation of the safety rules because of another incident that occurred in 2005 due to a leakage at the bottom of the valve that is in charge of high pressure oil and gas. This accident also left some people in the company injured. Moreover, in 2008, the company’s operations supervisor died due to head injuries when he was placing doing maintenance work in the ultracracker unit, in the refinery. On another incident, two workers also experienced steam burns when they were working on the Pipestill 3B unit in the refinery. These incidents explicitly indicate that the company is not committed to enhancing safety in the society.

The occurrence of these accidents shows that BP is not totally committed towards providing a safe environment and working conditions for its workers and the surrounding community. It is extremely unethical and illegal for an international company to focus only profits, rather than on the people’s safety. In fact, over two decades, the company has been charged thrice for environmental crimes and other felonies in Texas and Alaska. Following the oil spillage in Gulf of Mexico, many lives were put a risk due to environmental pollution. Surprisingly, the company admits the spillage, but it denies the guilt of violating environmental and safety guidelines.

Therefore, it is vital for the safety authorities to put stringent measures to the international companies’ activities. Safety measures are critical in all the subsidiary companies worldwide. Additionally, companies should ensure that all their employees are well-trained and informed on the safety issues of their operations. The companies should also install appropriated equipment so as to avoid similar incidences in future. Regular maintenance activities should also be carried out in such plants so as to ensure that everything is intact. Heavy fines should also be administered to businesses that refuse to comply with the regulations.

In conclusion, BP is unethical and illegal in the way it conducts its activities in various parts of the world. This is evidenced by the incidences that have happened in many countries, such as, Texas City Refinery and Gulf of Mexico. As a result of these incidences, many lives have been lost, while other people are still nursing the injuries they sustained. In order to curb these, stringent measures should be introduced, and heavy fines should be administered on non-complying companies. Imperatively, companies should comply with all the safety regulations and guidelines in the process of their operations.

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