Police act according to the law and they have all the legal right to ensure law and order within a defined jurisdiction. They have all the legal empowerment in providing order through use of force that is legitimized. Society falls under police jurisdiction thus police are entitled to law enforcement among individuals and organizational groups in the society.

  1. How did the Kansas City Patrol Study affect routine patrol all across the nation?

Kansas City Patrol performed an experiment on routine preventive patrol under the “reactive”, “proactive” and “Control” levels of policing; this was to establish the overall impacts of routine patrol in crime level in the society. According to George, Tony, Duane & Charles,  the study implications was on the reduction of the Police level; according to the report patrol had no major impact on the crime rate level. Preventive patrol Investigation portrayed that police efforts were more fruitful if they closely worked with the society to ensure crime perpetrators were snubbed. The strategic preventive measures of working with the society were more acceptable in reduction of crime rerate and this spear headed to all the neighboring states and across the nation

  1. With the killing of Osama Bin Laden, what is the biggest threat to Homeland Security today?

 Homeland security (HS), suffers retaliatory attacks According to Houriya, A. George, G. & Julia, P.. Homeland security has the biggest threat linked to Al Qaeda who is more of a vengeance organization. All data sources and capacity should be carefully examined and new fields uncovered on how to fight international terror in the society. Homeland security is cultivating more of its efforts in the terrorism inspired by domestic Islamism which is the biggest threat to HS today.

  1. How can police departments break through the fear possessed by ethnic minorities in dealing with Law Enforcement?

The Ethnicity deals with “Racial profiling” where a particular group is targeted more by Law enforcement officers for any suspicious factors of crime (Jim, C. 2000). Police departments resulting to promotion of the minority group into the justice system and ensure society is fully involved in it policing efforts. This method can ensure neutrality enhancement of race among the minorities and ensure that “Racial profiling” fear is minimized in ethnic minorities and society.

  1. Is Community Oriented Policing still a relevant tool in Law Enforcement today? Explain.

According to Susan, S. Insha, R. & Anita, K.  Community Oriented policing entails on integration of police officers with the community to ensure they are familiar with community languages and way of living.  The tool is still relevant due to increase in Immigrants into the society and police should overcome language barriers to ensure efficient communication.

  1. Under the Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine in violation of the Fourth Amendment should the evidence be thrown out and the suspect freed?

Fruit and poisonous Tree Doctrine provides that all evidence “tree” that has not been legally obtained; it is termed to be has tinted as the crime “fruit’ gained. The doctrine of entering the house illegally has terminated the evidence from being admissible in court. The suspects should be freed due to breach of duty for Law enforcement officer’s duty to obtain evidence legally.