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Introduction

Family therapy focuses on the relationships that exist in a family unit and occur in the presence of other family members. It is used to approach a number of therapeutic goals, either for an individual or group therapy. Family therapy assists in identifying ways that relationships and individual problems can be caused and sustained by family dynamics. In the situation, of  a child who  has both social and academic problems,  the focus of the family therapy is to  identify issues in the family that have led to the behavior change, instead of concentrating on intra-psychically on the child alone. Salvador Minuchin, Virginia Satir, Milton Erickson, and Murray Bowen are some of the theorists who have played a role in the family therapy. If one is in the Family Therapy, he or she may see a theorist as favoring theoretical modalities like Conjoint Therapy, Strategic Therapy, or Structural Therapy. A Family Therapy can also be family systems therapy, family and couple therapy, and family counseling.

Discussion

Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) can be simply referred to as solution focused therapy or a brief therapy. This form of therapy focuses on the needs of clients with regard to the therapy instead of the problem that drove them into the search for help. The approach focuses on the current and the future instead of the past. The counselor or the therapist uses respectful desires to orient the client towards their envisioned future. Both the client and therapist then commence examining any steps towards the goal independent on whether it is a small increment or a large change. In order to reinforce this, questions about the client’s strength and weaknesses are asked, coupled with the exceptions which are unique to the problem.

Focus On the Solutions and Not On the Problems

The belief of solution-focused therapists is that a change is constant. Therefore by assisting people to identify the things that they wish to change, in their lives or to continue with what is prevailing at that moment, the SFBT therapists assist their clients to come up with a concrete vision of their preferred future. The therapist then move a step and assist the client to identify the times of their current life which are closer to the future they envisage, and then look at what is different in such circumstances. If the therapist succeed in bringing some of the small successes to the awareness of clients, and help them to repeat the successful things they perform in the absence of the problem or if the problem is less severe, they can guide them towards the preferred future.

Solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) is centered on being brief and at the same moment focusing on the solutions, instead of the problems. It is a fact that when there is a problem, professionals tend to spend a lot of time talking, thinking, and analyzing the issues surrounding it even as the suffering escalates. A team of mental professionals has found out that therapists focus so much on discussing problems instead of thinking on ways that can be used to generate solutions that can initiate reasonable, realistic relief in the shortest time possible. In fact, problems do not happen all times and by studying some of these times it has been found out that people do a lot of things which they are not entirely aware of. If successes are repeated in cases of less severe problems, people can improve their lives, leading to the development of self-confidence. Small successes in one’s life give a lot of hope to the person leading to a feeling of a change in life that extends to their families members.

Some small successes happen occasionally, and if the person repeats the rewarding behaviors, he or she eventually learns new sets of solutions which may as well work better for another person. People are always eager to redo the behaviors that turned out successful for others and this lead them to make further changes.

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy has been developed for almost 30 years leading to what is currently applied. Learning the technique is painless but practicing it is difficult since the old techniques always come around.

SFBT is Future Oriented and Not Focused on the Past or Present

SFBT is goal-oriented, future-oriented approach towards solving human living problems. Initially, this approach developed a rebellion towards the traditional approach of psychotherapy, driven by the expert or therapist who decides the best possible solution for the ones in need of help. SFBT’s aim is to work with a client who understands own circumstances. This is in order to formulate a pragmatic and realistic solution that fits the client’s needs. This produces a respectful and brief therapy which has workable solutions that the client can implement by instituting the needed changes.

The strategy was developed towards the ends of 1970s and 1980s by clinicians, from different professional training. The result of their writings was then translated into thirteen languages. The application of the strategy had been expanded into schools, hospitals, prisons, nursing homes, residential treatment homes, businesses, and any other place where people are working together.

Cognition Aspect

An important aspect of SFBT is setting of concrete, specific, and realistic goals. These goals are formulated and expanded using SF conversation on what the client want to be different in the future. In SFBT, goals are set by the clients. Once SFBT has been formulated, it then focus on goals related exceptions, often scaling the closeness of clients to the goals and constructing preferred future steps. SFBT assumes the fact that all, which is required, entails a slight nudge in the proper direction, and a snowball effect will take over and lead the client to the desired state with a minimum of therapeutic direction.

Coaching & Praising

SFBT counselors always assist in changing the clients’ attitudes and behaviors through coaching and praising. They achieve this by focusing on the successes of failures from the problem point of view. This helps the clients in discovering and developing the latent resources, assets, and strengths which may be overlooked by the clients when facing the problem.

Perceptions Not the Truth

Some aspects like the client and therapist collaborating towards a mutual goal are based on the perceptions and behaviors instead of feelings. Corcoran, for instance, stated that the solution-focused approach is useful when working with the ethnic minorities.

Key Therapeutic Techniques

SFBT uses a number of techniques like focusing on the goal, coaching, praising, intervention strategies, and counseling which are useful in giving the client a different view on the problem and be able to develop solutions to it.

Conclusion

According to Nichols, family therapy focuses on the relationships within a family. Family therapists help to diagnose the causes of family problems and work towards helping the family members to ameliorate the situation. Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) deals with people’s problems by focusing on the solutions and future of the clients, concerning the anticipated solutions to the prevailing problem. Contemporary counselors should be electric and integrative. The counselors must not relent in working to change the attitudes and behaviors of the clients. This is only possible if the if the counselor or therapist can apply the needed skills to turn around a situation which is perceived as problematic.

According to Nichols, family therapy focuses on the relationships within a family. Family therapists help to diagnose the causes of family problems and work towards helping the family members to ameliorate the situation. Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) deals with people’s problems by focusing on the solutions and future of the clients, concerning the anticipated solutions to the prevailing problem. Contemporary counselors should be electric and integrative. The counselors must not relent in working to change the attitudes and behaviors of the clients. This is only possible if the if the counselor or therapist can apply the needed skills to turn around a situation which is perceived as problematic.

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